Future CAP must support multifunctional agriculture in Europe
by Redaktion (comments: 0)
The post-2013 reorganisation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) must focus on maintaining and developing multifunctional agriculture. This is especially of relevance for countries like Romania, having a huge number of small and diverse farms. Of all systems, organic farming best meets the requirements of multifunctional agriculture. In particular, it offers an economically and ecologically sound direction for many farmers, including Romanian farmers. These are the main results of the European seminar “Multifunctional agriculture in Europe – the role of organic food and farming and its political framework” which took place in Bucharest from April 23 to 24, 2009. It was organised by the IFOAM EU Group and facilitated by Federatia Nationala de Agricultura Ecologica Romania.
With the adoption of the EU Health Check, discussion about the way the CAP should look after 2013 has now started (although the final decisions will have to wait until after the budget for the period 2014-2020 has been negotiated). “It is essential that the EU commits itself to support multifunctional agriculture much stronger in future”, said Francis Blake, President of the IFOAM EU Group. “Only in this way can it truly be demonstrated that public money within the CAP will be spent in the interests of EU citizens. The CAP is increasingly moving in this direction, but significant contradictions remain. Obstacles for multifunctional agriculture need to be removed and the support for organic farming needs to be extended.” Organic farming offers a systematic solution to the main future challenges such as climate change, biodiversity, soil protection and water management. Since the market pays only for the food itself, but not for additional services provided by organic farming, it is necessary to compensate this “market failure” by appropriate measures within the future CAP.
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