FAO calls for more fish farms
by Redaktion (comments: 0)
The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said that increasing global demand for fish should be met through intensive fish farming amid falling wild populations. If overall production was to keep pace with an expanding world population, and given that capture fisheries would remain stagnant, the future would have to come from aquaculture. Commenting on these recommendations, Willie Mackenzie of Greenpeace stated that now that wild fish populations were devastated we needed to farm them. It would not make sense to catch fish to feed to fish. Four to five times the weight was lost and there were problems of infestations, escapes and pollution from the farms.
World aquaculture has grown dramatically. In the early 1950s less than a million tonnes was produced. This number had risen to 51.7 million tonnes in 2006, according to The Times. Fish consumption has been increasing steadily from an average of 9.9 kg per capita in the 1960s to 16.4 kg in 2005. Cod and salmon must be fed on other fish that are sourced from the wild. Between 1992 and 2006 the amount of fishmeal used to feed farmed fish grew by almost 300 %.
The Soil Association commented that all the fishmeal and oil in feeds currently used by Soil Association licensed farms come from the trimmings and other filleting wastes of fish already caught for human consumption. The Soil Association has a partnership with the Marine Stewardship Council, Waitrose, and the sustainable fish processor Aquascot to get all of these marine ingredients from MSC certified sustainable fisheries by the end of 2010.