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Global organic data show resilient growth
by Karin Heinze (comments: 0)
The distribution of retail sales value show that North America and Europe require 90% of the global organic retail sales value. Graphic © FiBL/AMI
A booming organic sector: more farmers, more land and a growing market. This is the résumé of the 19th edition of „The World of Organic Agriculture“. The Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) and IFOAM – Organics International launched the statistical yearbook at Biofach 2018 in Nuremberg. This comprehensive collection of the latest available data (2016) on organic agriculture worldwide contains data on area, operators, and retail sales: 57.8 million hectares of organic agricultural land and organic products with a total value of almost 90 billion US dollars were sold globally.
The positive trend seen in the past years continued
Consumer demand is increasing and 178 countries report organic farming activities. „This book provides a clear statement on the resilience of the organic market trend. Considering the latest figures and the continuous and sustainable growth over many years, the organic movement can look confidently to the future“, summarise the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) and the International Trade Centre (ITC) supporters of the „The World of Organic Agriculture“ in their foreword.
The United States are the most important organic market worldwide. Graphic © FiBL/AMI
Global organic sales has reached 90 billion US dollars
The market research company Ecovia Intelligence (former Organic Monitor) estimates the global market for organic food to have reached 89.7 billion US dollars in 2016 (more than 80 billion euros). In detail the data show that the United States continued to be the leading market with 38.9 billion euros 2015: 35.9 billion euros), followed by Germany with 9.5 billion euros (2015: 8.6 billion euros), France with 6.7 billion euros (5.5 billion euros), and China with 5.9 billion euros (4.7 billion euros).
Furthermore most of the major markets continued to show double-digit growth rates in 2016. The organic market in France grew by 22 percent. The highest per capita spending was in Switzerland (274 euros), and Denmark had the highest organic market share (9.7 percent of the total food market).
Switzerland and Denmark reached a per capita consumption of more than 200 euros per year. Graphic © FiBL/AMI
Almost three million producers worldwide and 60 million hectares
On the producer side the statistical yearbook registered 2.7 million organic producers worldwide – a growth of 300.000 new producers in comparison to 2.4 million in 2015
India continues to be the country with the highest number of producers (835’200), followed by Uganda (210’352), and Mexico (210’000). Together with the growth of farmers the organic farmland increases by 15 percent to almost 60 million hectares. According tot he „World of Organic Agriculture“ year book a total of 57.8 million hectares were organically managed at the end of 2016, representing a growth of 7.5 million hectares over 2015. The largest growth ever recorded. Australia is the country with the largest organic agricultural area (27.2 million hectares), followed by Argentina (3 million hectares), and China (2.3 million hectares).
More than 80 % of all organic producers are located in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Infographic © FiBL
Almost half of the global organic agricultural land is in Oceania (27.3 million hectares), followed by Europe (23 percent; 13.5 million hectares), and Latin America (12 percent; 7.1 million hectares). In fifteen countries 10 percent or more of all agricultural land is organic, another new record in the global organic statistics.
Europe gains more organic farmland but Oceania is the always leading. Graphic © FiBL
More information and Download
“The World of Organic Agriculture” 2018 edition, graphs, and infographics can be downloaded
Online database: tables with more details on crops, markets, and international trade, as well as explanations for certain data can be found on FiBL’s new statistics website.
The news section of the website offers information about major developments in the field of organic agriculture, and via the Twitter account the latest data on organic agriculture.