Farmers get more money for Fairtrade cocoa
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Fairtrade International has raised the minimum price for fair trade cocoa. But that is not enough for a decent life.
In October 2019, the minimum price for Fair Trade cocoa is to rise from the current USD 2,000 to USD 2,400 (EUR 2,100) per tonne. Buyers would then have to pay 2,700 dollars (2370 euros) for fair organic cocoa. In addition, there is a Fairtrade surcharge of 10% for each project. The minimum price is always paid if the market price is still lower. Currently, one tonne of conventional cocoa costs only 1,750 euros.
Increase to counter price decline for cocoa
With this price adjustment, the international Fairtrade movement reacted to the fall in cocoa prices, which is hitting West African small farmers particularly hard. At the same time, it is a step towards a broader fair trade strategy to enable cocoa farmers to earn living wages, writes Fairtrade International. A study found that 58% of Fairtrade-certified small farmers in Ivory Coast earned incomes below the extreme poverty line.
The minimum price is not sufficient for a living wage
In parallel to the minimum prices, Fairtrade International has also identified a reference price that cocoa farmers in Ivory Coast and Ghana would need to receive in order to earn living wage. It is once again well above the minimum prices that apply to the purchase at the port (point of export) and not to the purchase directly from the farmer (farm gate price).
Development organization demands guaranteed minimum price
The Inkota development organisation welcomed the increase in the minimum price. "If chocolate companies were serious about sustainability, they would have to be willing to pay more for cocoa," Inkota wrote, calling on the two other major cocoa certification organizations, Utz and Rainforest Alliance, to finally introduce a guaranteed minimum price.
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